Frosting & Nursery Plantation
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A nursery is a part of agriculture where plants are propagated, nurtured, grown, and sold out for the home garden or commercial purpose. Under favorable conditions, improved quality seedlings are grown until they are ready for planting on a small scale or large scale.
Young plants that are propagated in nurseries can be sold at retail nurseries or as wholesale nurseries. The sole purpose of nurseries is to supply young plants or saplings to gardens, farms, agriculture, forestry, and conservation. Nurseries can have stock of various plants such as herbs, shrubs, plants, small trees, big trees, and bonsai.
A nursery plant center offers its customers all types of young plants that are native and imported. A nursery customer can be a home gardener, landscape gardener, or a commercial farmer. A nursery business must cater to a wide range of plants that will be indoor to outdoor plants and container to ground planting plants. Nurseries must be equipped with all kinds of horticulture needs such as all types of plant seeds, soil mix, fertilizers, insecticides, garden chemicals, garden tools, and be able to answer garden inquiries. Apart from plants, the nurseries must be able to assist in all types of inquiries and purchases.
Plant Nursery Business Site Location
Nursery location may be predetermined based on cost investment, availability of the property. If enough space is available in your backyard, it’s the right place to start a nursery business if you are a beginner. An open space is all it requires to start a plant nursery. The choice of your location decision will directly influence the marketing of the plant saplings, manpower, and future expansion. Location of the nursery must be near to major cities and townships, transportation, availability of labor, and convenient for future expansion. Nursery site location must be nutrient-rich or medium soil with a good water source. Nursery site must have good soil drainage and free from soil pathogens.
Plant Nursery Business Basic Inputs
Containers: Nurseries must have ample resources to grow seedlings and plants. Nursery bed trays, polythene pots, clay pots, polybag containers, root trainers.
Nursery Soil Media in Plant Nursery Business -: For successful germination of seeds and plant growth proper soil mix must be prepared and maintained at the nursery. Seedlings must have a good medium for rooting, nutrient supply, and firm to hold the seedling. The nursery must have enough stock of sand, red or black soil, sphagnum moss, peat moss, vermiculite, compost, sawdust, and farmyard manure. The soil is the most important ingredient in the nursery business and must be available at low pricing. To make the soil more economical it is recommended to prepare a growth medium with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5 inside the nursery site.
Plant Nursery Business -: Chemicals and Fertilizers: Plants and seedlings are prone to many diseases and pest attacks – pesticides, insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, and growth regulators must be administered for infestation. For proper and healthy growth, organic manures and chemical fertilizers are given for nutrient supply.
Nursery Tools in Plant Nursery Business -: Watering cans, hoes, crowbar, grafting knives, grafting tapes, germination trays, digging forks, spades, pushcart, scissors, etc. Adequate tools will help ensure work goes smoothly, while properly designed tools will minimize soil and root damage.
Machinery and Equipment in Plant Nursery Business -: For a speedy operation of nursery and cutting downtime and cost-effectively, ensure proper types of machinery and equipment are available in the nursery. Nursery operations such as potting media filling, container filling, transporting, watering for a large nursery on a daily depend on vehicles and automated machines for speedy work efficiency and proper plant growth.Some of the timely scheduled nursery activities that must be planned are as follows:
- Seeds must be extracted without damaging from a fully matured fruit for seed harvesting.
- Sowing of seeds in seedbeds or germination trays activity must be done in the cool part of the day either early morning or in the evening.
- Young saplings must be moved to containers or polybag pots for marketing must be done at the right transplanting stage.
- Maintaining mother plants for seasonal propagation is an important nursery management activity.
- Trained and experienced labor is an asset and their activities will ensure speedy work with successful plant growth.
- Timely application of fertilizers, chemicals, water, etc., will reduce the production cost.
- Based on plant species, sowing, transplanting, and distribution activities must be scheduled. As each species has its own season of growth establishment.